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Is CAADP Having the Desired Impact on Agricultural-led Development?

Par Tsitsi Makombe, Senior Program Manager, IFPRI ; Samuel Benin, Deputy Division Director, Africa Regional Office, IFPRI.

With the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) now well into its second decade, and following the adoption of the 2014 Malabo Declaration to renew the impetus of CAADP, many have wondered whether the framework has had any appreciable impact on desired agricultural growth and development outcomes. A recent study by Samuel Benin of IFPRI set out to shed some light by examining the impact of CAADP on key outcomes of increasing government agricultural expenditures and boosting agricultural productivity.

But first, what does CAADP Offer Countries ?

CAADP was adopted in 2003 by African heads of state and government as Africa’s policy framework for transforming the agriculture sector and achieving broad-based economic growth, poverty reduction, food security, and nutrition. It offers African countries a clear set of principles, best practices, and thematic policy guidance, as well as targets by which they can align their individual agricultural strategies and plans to fit local realities and capacities.

Adoption of CAADP is usually followed by countries i) identifying agriculture sector priorities for growth and investment through a CAADP Compact that is signed by all key state and non-state actors, and ii) developing a detailed national agriculture investment plan (NAIP) that lays out sector priorities and programs as well as financing modalities for achieving sector objectives and targets. Of the 42 countries implementing CAADP, Mauritania is the only country in northern Africa that has formally adopted the CAADP. Mauritania signed its compact in June 2011. Nonetheless, several countries in the region (Egypt, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia) have been part of the Biennial Review (BR) process to assess progress against 43 performance indicators, leading to the inaugural African Agricultural Transformation Scorecard and Continental BR Report, recently launched at the January 2018 African Union Summit of heads of state and government.

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Crédits: AK-Project