In West Africa, decentralization of rural land tenure management systems is considered as the way forward by many actors. However, over a decade ago, Niger established through its Land Commission (COFO), an original system for the local management of land issues in rural areas, even before the decentralization process was launched. This brief presents the achievements and diffi culties associated with local land tenure management system as established by Land Commissions. It also questions its articulation with the emerging decentralization process.
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